Human history is full of amazing innovations and inventions, which man has achieved with its unbelievable strength and will. Now the mankind has set new endeavors for itself to touch the new limits of the sky. It has built great buildings and massive architecture on the face of the earth. And the most significant ones are those who have become the part of our heritage. The most ancient historical buildings are praised and preserved by us today due to their sheer importance attached to our ancestors. Those magnificent buildings still seem a marvel of science due to their unique designs and amazing structures which managed to sustain over hundreds of years, yet look equally breathtaking and fascinating.
TOP TEN MOST BEAUTIFUL & AMAZING HISTORICAL BUILDINGS IN THE WORLD
People take great privilege in visiting those buildings and learning about the historical events connected with them. This article is here to help you explore the world of most beautiful historical buildings of their time. Following are the top ten most beautiful historical buildings in the world situated in different parts of the world:
10. HAGIA SOPHIA, TURKEY
This amazing structure is believed to be constructed in 1437 as a Cathedral serving as the seat of Patriarch of Constantinople, but later with the invasion of Romans over this part of Turkey, the building was converted into a Roman Cathedral. However as in 1935, it became secularized and was opened for all as a museum. The structure has particular named as the “Byzantine structure” due to its massive domes and pillars with fine work of art.
9. PETRA, JORDAN
Petra is located In Jordan, also knowns as “the Rose City.” The name came from the color of architecture cut and carved in its hard stone mountains. This place is famous for its finely carved buildings within the mountains and water conduit system present in them. It was constructed in 312 BC and is one of the most visited tourist attraction in Jordan.
8. THE GREAT PYRAMID OF GIZA, EGYPT
The great Pyramid of Giza is situated at the borders of El-Giza Egypt. This humongous structure is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world which surprisingly remained intact, which is as fascinating as it sounds. The whole structure almost took 20 years for its completion and was built in the era of Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu. 146.5 meters tall this building was the highest man-made structure of that time.
7. MACHU PICCHU, PERU
Machu Picchu is located in Peru, over a mountain ridges near the sacred valley. This place is also known as the “lost city of Incas.” The ancient structures and buildings present there are last remains of the civilization of Incas, which once lived there. According to historians, it built during the reign of Emperor of Inca Pachacuti (1438–1472). It is constructed in traditional Inca style with three important primary structures including the Temple of Sun and the room of three windows.
6. THE COLOSSEUM, ITALY
Italy is famous for its amazing and beautiful architecture while the great Colosseum is the mark of its rich ancient history. It is an Amphitheater located at the center of Rome. The whole structure is designed in an oval shape, made of concrete and sand. The construction has begun in 72AD under the emperorship of Vespasian and was completed in 80AD. It was the largest built Amphitheatre ever with the capacity of 60,000 to 80,000 spectators.
5. CHICHÉN ITZÁ, MEXICO
ChiChen Itza is an archeological site which was once a pre-Columbian city. The center of the city was marked by great Conical and pyramidal structure which represents various styles of Mexican architecture. This place is the most visited archeological place in Mexico which is visited by 14 million tourists each year.
4. WAT PHRA SI SANPHET, THAILAND
It was one of the holiest temples ever constructed in Thailand, located in the city of Ayutthaya which was later destroyed by Burmese in 1767. By its structure, the temple is extremely beautiful and highly unique in structure. Unlike other temples, it has multiple conical structures. This temple was solely built for the use of Royal family of that time and no monk was allowed to live there.
3. MOAI, EASTER ISLAND
Rapa Nui people carved these human face statues out of stones on the Easter Island during 1250-1500 CE. These statues are constructed with small sized bodies and three eighth-sized human faces over it. The tallest of these structure is about 10 meters high, which seems wonderfully surprising for a man-made structure. Due to their distinctive outlook and location, thousands of people visit Easter Island for their citation.
2. ANGKOR WAT, CAMBODIA
Originally built as a Hindu Temple, Angkor Wat was constructed as a religious temple covering the area of 162.6 hectares of land. Later in 12th century the temple was occupied by Buddhist civilization and was transformed into the Buddhist temple. This temple had become the major tourist attraction of the country. Due to its religious significance, the Flag of Cambodia also carry its structure as a sign of their nationality.
1. THE TAJ MAHAL, INDIA
Taj Mahal, The Crown of Palaces was built during the reign of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. According to Historians, this Palace was constructed in the remembrance of Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz. Hence, the structure is also known as the Mumtaz Mahal. It consists of huge central white dome covering the area of 42 acres. The entire complex took more than 13 years to complete using more than 20,000 artisans.