Rice is the major cash crop of the world. Exported and imported across the globe, rice is used for major culinary preferences in the world, particularly in Asia. Production of rice as a crop dates back to ancient times of Chinese civilization where these were first cultivated. From the east of China, the production spread across the South East Asia and to the west Asia. Europe has received its impact from West Asia. However, the countries residing in the eastern and southern parts of Asia have fertile soils suitable for its production. Humid environment, surplus water supply, enriched land and high temperatures are the basic requirements for the productions. Countries like China, India, Pakistan, Indonesia, etc. are blessed with all these factors. Therefore, these areas have grown the best rice crops in the world.
Rice are available in many different types and categories. Basmati rice is considered to be the best-known types of it is found on the planet. While in some parts of the world people prefer to eat brown rice instead of white. They are rich in carbohydrates. Therefore, they are one of the cheapest sources of calorie intake.
LIST OF TOP TEN COUNTRIES WHICH YIELD MOST RICE IN THE WORLD
Japan is a land full of paddy fields, most suitable for rice production. But due to the shortage of farmlands, this country is unable to produce enough yields as other nations. Therefore, it has to be ranked 10th in the list. There are 2.3% million farms the country, out of which almost 85% of them are cultivated with rice’s. The recent figures revealed that Japan has produced 11.573 million tons in the year 2015.
Brazil is the only South American state which is rich in rice production. Brazil accounts for 1.7% of the total global rice production. This region has surpassed others regarding high-quality yield due to a better quality use of grains and seeds. There are almost 251 different varieties that are produced in the country.
The Philippines happens to be one of the most rice producing countries. It serves as a staple of food in the country and helps to strengthen the economy. Rice production in the Philippines accounts for 2.8% of the total’s production of the world. Luzon and the Western Vasayas are major sites in the country where rice are produced.
Highly irrigated lowlands of Myanmar in Burma serves as the most hospitable environment for rice’s production. Despite a lack of resources and investment in the agricultural sector, this country has shown great output regarding its production. Burma has produced 34.250 million metric tons according to the latest statistics from last year. The government still needs to take necessary steps to exploit the maximum agricultural area for production to enhance its yields.
This country is famous for its rice’s production and consumption. Bangladesh receives surplus rainfall each year more over it has some rivers passing through it. Therefore, the environment is extremely suitable for production. Though the total area of the country is not much, compared to the countries listed here the yield is as high as others. Rice production accounts for 28% of the GDP of the country. While 75% of the agricultural land of Bangladesh is used for cultivation only.
Thailand has a history rich in rice production. It has an area of 9.2 million hectares for cultivation, and it is expected to increase more in the coming years. It is estimated that in the year 2016-2017 the production through paddy rice fields will be more than 25million tons. Thailand is famous for its high-quality Jasmine rice, which is exported at double rates in the international markets. But the yield of Jasmine rice is comparatively small than other types.
Vietnam has the area of 33million hectares for the cultivation, and most of this area are used for rice production. Mekong Delta is the major region associated with its production; it is also called the “Rice Bowl” of the country for the same reason. Its total production is enough to meet the basic caloric needs of the population. Vietnam has the population of 17 million individuals and almost 18% of them have involved the cultivation as rice production is the major backbone of the national economy of the states.
Indonesian soil can be seen with lush green paddy rice fields scattered over the large patches of land. Indonesia stands 3rd regarding production. The cultivation is spread over 10 million hectares of land of the country. It is a significant part of the national economy. In the recent years, the government took many initiatives to increase the yield, it has also increased the yield of high-quality production varieties in the country.
Vast stretches of land in India makes it ideally suitable for agriculture. The rate of annual rainfall, seasonal changes, monsoon season and large areas of cultivation are the fundamental factors that led India to be the second most rice producing country in the world. The irrigation system of India is not highly well developed, but the annual rainfall serves the purpose. India accounts for the 20% of the total production in the world. It is world’s largest country regarding white and brown rice production.
Quality and quantity both come hand to hand when we talk about rice production in China. China is the hometown to its production. The cultivation found its roots on this land for the first time. It has long old traditions of having rice as the basic part of the diet. By its land area, China is one of the biggest countries in the world. Therefore, it provides the great mass of land for agricultural use, especially for its cultivation. Two third part of the population of China likes to have rice as the staple food. It is a regular exporter in Asia.